Sokolac has a long history. Many traces that witness that this area was inhabited in Neolithic and Bronze Age were discovered in Glasinac field. And necropolis site, which is protected by UNESCO, is an evidence that there was life in Sokolac in the Middle Ages.

But, all this treasure is hidden from the public eyes , and many artifacts from the ancient times, are even secret for the experts.

Some of the Sokolac sights are from the newly period, but that doesn’t eats away their value. Sokolac citizens are mostly proud of numerous sacral monuments .

Romanijska Lazarica

St. Elijah’s Church ,also known as Romanijska Lazarica, the Church of Equal –to – the – Apostles Emperor Constantine and the Empress Saint Helen , which became a monastery dedicated to the Mother of God in 1989, and Selim Mosque in the neighborhood… Every of these ancient temples ,destructed during the wars, then bulit again, carries their own story.

Orthodox Christian Monastery in Knezina, from the 14th century , and Selim Mosque in Knezina from 16th century , are the neighbors for centuries.

Both temples have a long and turbulent history and they were both destructed , but they rose from the ashes .

Monastery in Knezina is one of the oldest Orthodox monasteries of this region. According to local stories ,the constructor of the monastery was Andrijas, brother of Marko Kraljevic (prince Marko). It was destroyed by the Ottomans, but on its foundations a new church was built in 1926. World War II brought another destructions. The church was renewed again in 1963.

Selim Mosque was also attacted. It was built during the reign of Sultan Selim the Second in 16th century and it was renewed in 1906. It was attacked in the previous civil war, and renewed in 2011. In 1951 this mosque was declared a monument under state protection.

Destructions

Tombstones for centuries observe all those destructions and reconstructions of these sacral monuments. These stone sleepers, as the famous Mak Dizdar called them, are now overgrown with grass in Glasinac field and there are hundreds of them.

Necropolis in Luburic field is on the list of 30 medieval necropolises that are declared a World Heritage by UNESCO in 2016. Here are 2 sites with 134 tombstones. And there are tombstones at the site Crkvina in Bjelosavljevici, as well as at the others, still unexplored sites.

Aleksandar Jasarevic, young doctor of archaeology , who explored this area with the older archaeologists, said that on this area the concentration of traces of life from different historical periods is so impressive. So to speak, there is a potential archeological site almost everywhere.

– In the Podlipa cave the Paleolithic drawings were discovered. We also have few hill forts, prehistoric fortifications, where many evidences say that this livestock area was densely populated area, even before ancient period. And the object from Ottoman period testify that centuries passed and life in this mountainous area survived – said Jasarevic for Srpskainfo.

Excavations

The works have been intensified again in recent years. So recently, a team of archaeologists, led by Blagoje Govedaruca , the professor at the Uneversity in Berlin, finished the excavation at the Kadica brdo site.

This site was populated mote than 3000 years and it makes it unique site, and thus there are many questions about what kind of organization was at this site, where did people hold the kettle, where was the water spring – said Govedarica, and adds that archeologists, based on these excavations will try to answer these questions.

Glasinac chariot „captured“ in Vienna

In previous researches at Glasinac field, near Sokolac , ancient tubms, jewerly and other objects were discovered ,that testify a long and rich history of this area. The most significant archaeological artifact is the famous Glasinac chariot, ritual purposes vessel, from the 6th century BC. Glasinac chariot were made of bronze with figurinse of water birds, that don’t exists in nature. It was probably used as censer, for ritual purposes. It is 19cm long and only weighing one pound and it is a real treasure. Probabably, there are more such „little things“ hidden in the caves and forts of Sokolac region.

During construction of the road Sarajevo – Rogatica – Visegrad, during the Austro – Hungarian rule in 1880, in one of the tumuli in Bjelosavljevici , the famous Glsionac chariot were found. The chariot was delivered to the museum in Vienna, where it is still located.

The Mayor of the municiplaity of Sokolac, Milovan Bjelica said that local community will ask for these valuable objec t to be returned to Sokolac, as well as other archaeological artifacts that were found in this area.

– We have planned to open the museum and we will ask for the items to be returned to us , because it is our cultural – historical heritage. If they don’t turn them back we will ask for at least the first replicas of these artifacts. – said Bjelica.

Podijeli